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How to Play Badminton

Introduction to Badminton

In badminton, players use a racket to hit a shuttlecock, also known as a birdie, as a projectile. A net separates the two halves of the court where the players are placed. Landing the shuttle on the court's other side allows you to score points. In many places of the world, badminton is an outdoor sport. However, the badminton should be played inside, where the shuttle's trajectory is unaffected by wind, to realize its potential completely.

How to Play Badminton

Basic Equipment

Like other sports, playing badminton requires purchasing certain equipment. Although playing badminton costs a little money, it's different than playing basketball or jogging, where you hardly need any equipment to get started.

  • Shuttlecock
  • Badminton Racket
  • Net and Poles
  • Shoes for badminton
  • Outfit for badminton

Furthermore, the below-mentioned equipment might prove beneficial for badminton players who are intermediate or advanced:

  • A bag for badminton equipment
  • Socks for badminton
  • Insoles or orthotics for badminton grip

Where to Play?

Professional competitions take place inside, in closely regulated environments, and typically on a badminton mat, which is a specially designed surface that is placed over the sports hall floor.

Measurements of Badminton Court

How to Play Badminton

A badminton court measures 13.41 meters (44 feet) by 5.18 meters (17 feet) when played in singles. In doubles, the breadth reaches 6.1 meters (20 feet). At its extremities, the net is 1.55 meters (5 feet 1 inch) high, and in the middle, it drops to 1.52 meters (5 feet) high.

The short service line, which is 1.98 meters (6.5 feet) from the net, must be crossed by a serve. A line that divides the left and right service courts is located beyond the short service line. Additionally, a doubles service line is located 0.76 meters (2.5 feet) from the baseline. Accordingly, the four service courts are each 3.96 meters (13 feet) long and 2.59 meters (8.5 feet) broad.

How to play?

Preparing and Providing Service

A first throw initiates the game. A participant yells "Head" or "Tail" as the referee flips the coin. In addition to selecting a side of the court, the player or team that wins the toss can also decide whether to serve or receive first.

The initial serve originates from the right-hand service court and is delivered diagonally. During the 1.15m hit, the server should strike the shuttle underarm. Serving must come from the appropriate service court; the server cannot cross boundaries. A second serve is required if the shuttle strikes the net and remains there after the service. A mistake made by the server during service gives the opposition a chance to serve.

Starting a rally, the receiving player takes the shuttlecock from the correct service court, which is diagonally opposite to the server's court, and returns it. After giving back the serve, players are free to move around their half of the court.

The rally finishes when one player misses returning the shuttle from their side of the court or shoots it outside the marked court lines, giving the opposition a point.

When a player or pair scores eight (for men) or six (for women) points, the player's switch ends after the game.

How to Play Badminton

Serving Guidelines: Single Player

Serving alternately from the right and left sides of the service courts is how the server operates. The opponent receives a chance as soon as the service is lost.

How to Play Badminton

Serves are made from the right side of the service court to the right side of the opponent if neither player has scored any points nor if they have scored an even amount of points.

In the event that a player receives an odd number of points, they serve to their opponent from the left side of the court.

Serving Guidelines for Pairs

Each member of the squad gets two opportunities to serve. In a team, individuals take turns serving. Upon forfeiting two serves, the opposing team advances to the right side of the court to begin serving.

How to Play Badminton

When the game first starts, the serving team only has one opportunity to serve.

In a doubles rally, the partner serving in the last rally and receiving in this one does not switch sides. In a rally, players who win switch sides while serving.

As in singles, the serve is served from the right side of the court to the opponent's right side if neither player has scored any points nor has scored the same number of points.

In the event that a player receives an odd number of points, they serve to their opponent from the left side of the court.

Points Mechanism

The player or team serving in the next rally serves after winning the previous rally, at which time he scores a point.

After winning a rally, the receiving team serves the subsequent rally and adds a point to their score.

A team or player should commit a mistake, or the shuttle should land in the other team's court to win the rally.

In rally situations, the most frequent mistakes are -

  • Keep your distance from the shuttle so that it lands inside the lines.
  • The net is struck by the shuttle.
  • The shuttle is unable to cross the net in mid-air.
  • A player is out if they walk on a line while serving or receiving the shuttle, even when the shuttle lands beyond the court line.
  • Contacting the net with either the player's body or their racket.
  • The same player hits the shuttle twice.

Winning a Game

A badminton match consists of a best of 3 games to 21 points (the game limit is 30 points). Each game starts at 0-0. If the match goes to a third game then that third game is played till 15 points. The single player or team who scores 21 points more quickly wins the game.

In the event that both teams score 20 (20-all), the team with a 2-point advantage wins. In the event that both teams score 29 (29-all), the game is won by the first team to 30 points.

In addition, the victor of one game gets to start the following one with the first serve.

Mistakes (Fouls)

  • Players must remain on their side of the court when attempting to hit the shuttle.
  • It is improper for players to slip beneath or touch the net.
  • It is improper for players to slip beneath or touch the net.
  • It is improper for players to slip beneath or touch the net.
  • The shuttle in doubles shouldn't strike a player before his partner does, nor should it strike his apparel or racket.
  • When a player serves or receives a service, both feet must be on the ground.






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