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ulong keyword in C#

In this article, we will discuss the ulong keyword in C# with its features, syntax, and examples.

What is the ulong Keyword?

In C#, variables or parameters of type "unsigned long" are declared with the keyword "ulong". ULONG is a 64-bit unsigned integer data type that can store integer values between 0 and 18,446,744,073,709,551,615 (inclusive). As it is unsigned, it cannot represent negative integers. Positive or zero is always applicable. Positive or zero is always applicable.

Features of the ulong keyword:

Several features of the ulong Keyword in C# are as follows:

  1. Memory Allocation: ulong sets aside 64 bits, or eight bytes, in memory to hold its values. Compared to smaller data types like byte, ushort, or uint, it provides a wider range of representable integers.
  2. Literal Suffix: We can apply the suffix UL or ul to a value to indicate that it is ulong. For example, 123UL explicitly declares 123 as an ulong literal declaration of 123 as an ulong literal is made clear in 123UL.
  3. Arithmetic Operations: Addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, and modulo operation (remainder after division) are among the common arithmetic operations that ulong provides. These operations behave similarly to those for other numeric types.
  4. Overflow Behaviour: Arithmetic operations on ulong values do not raise overflow exceptions because ulong is an unsigned type, compared to signed types. Instead, they wrap around modulo 2^64. For instance, adding 1 to ulong.MaxValue results in 0.
  5. Range and Use: The range of representable values for ulong is greater than that of uint, and it is typically used when non-negative integer numbers are required. Common use cases include handling large counts, indices, or binary data requiring non-negative integer values.
  6. Performance Consideration: ulong is typically more memory-consuming than smaller integer types (byte, ushort, uint) due to its larger size.

Key Points to Remember:

  • The error message "Integral constant is too large" appears if we enter a number beyond the range.
  • When we enter an incorrect number, such as -34, the error message shows, "Constant value {-34' cannot be converted to a ulong'}".

Syntax:

It has the following syntax:

Example 1:

Let us take an example to illustrate the ulong keyword in C#.

Output:

The value of the Integer: 223
The size of a ulong variable is: 8

Explanation:

In this example, the main goal of this code is to create an ulong variable, initialize it with a value, print the value, and finally print the byte size of the ulong data type.

Example 2:

Let us take another example to illustrate the ulong keyword in C#.

Output:

The First value is: 1854828373929102938
The Second value is: 3647826289303678294
The type of num_1 is: System.UInt64
The type of num_2 is: System.UInt64
The sum of the two numbers is: 5502654663232781232
The difference between the two numbers is: 16653746158334976260
The product of two numbers is : 11324999253036770364
The quotient is : 0
The remainder is: 1854828373929102938
The minimum value of the ulong is : 0
The maximum value of the ulong is: 18446744073709551615

Explanation:

This C# code defines a class called Javatpoint, whose entry point is the Main method. The program initializes two ulong variables, num_1 and num_2, applies addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, and modulo operations to them, and outputs the results together with the data types of each and the minimum and maximum values of ulong. Furthermore, an ulong literal is indicated by the UL suffix.







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